The normalization of relations between Djibouti and Eritrea last September was hailed as yet another step in the pursuit of peace and economic development in the turbulent Horn of Africa region. The two nations have been at loggerheads for decades over the disputed border region of Dumeira, and clashes erupted in 2008.
The development is the latest in a series of diplomatic breakthroughs in the region, notably the historic peace deal between Ethiopia and Eritrea in July. ‘‘This is the season for peace in the Horn of Africa and this peace should be inclusive to all,” read part of Isaias Afwerki’s message to his counterpart, President Ismail Omar Gelleh of Djibouti.
Following a tripartite meeting the leaders of Somalia, Ethiopia and Eritrea, it was agreed that dialogue would be initiated to resolve a long standing dispute between Eritrea and Djibouti. The Djibouti – Eritrea standoff is seen by most political and security analysts as the final rift which needs to be solved to restore durable peace to the Horn of Africa region.